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Korean Facilities (27)

National Institute of Fisheries Science (NIFS)

Characteristics of species-specific biological basis for secure-resources assessment and management measures based on data collection, including international fisheries management to take advantage of data between neighboring countries
- Perform fisheries research and the East sea marine resources, fisheries research for policy development
- Fisheries data collection and Fisheries Development

Korea Polar Research Institute

-The icebreaker is a specially designed vessel to navigate ice covered polar regions with a powerful propulsion unit and strengthened boby. ARAON becomes a amilestone of Korea polar reserch his-tory and for producing superior scientific results to benefit of human society. In addition to the logistics to the polar stations, ARAON equips state-of-the-art research equipments conducting such as geophygics, biology, oceanography, etc. ARAON becomes a milestone of Korea polar research history and for producing superior scientific results results to benefit of human society.

Daegu Technopark

- Functional food sector for the biological industry development and the development of the region and selected as a specific sector - Support the production of prototypes for the dual liquid and materials sectors for bio-related companies used as the main users

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World’s Facilities (197)

Germany / University of Stuttgart

The Dust Accelerator facility located at Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics (MPIK) in Heidelberg is operated by the University of Stuttgart, Institute of Space Systems (IRS).A 2 MV electrostatic field accelerates micron- and sub-micron-sized dust particles to speeds between 0.5 and 100 km/s. Dust powder used are coated minerals (olivine, pyroxene), organics (coated polystyrene) or metals (Fe, Al, Ni, ...). The dust source provides approx. 30 particles per sec. The speed, charge and mass of each accelerated particle is measured in-situ. A selection electronics can selected individual particles within a certain speed or mass range.The target chambers are available (largest has 1.4 m diameter). A vacuum of 1e-6 mbar is applied.Tests are performed for space instrument development/calibration, space weathering, hyper-velocity impact physics (e.g. mass spectrometry).Studies at the dust accelerator are multi-disciplinary and are relevant in the field of geoscience, physics, chemistry, astrophysics and astrobiology. Phenomena under study include dust charging, dust magnetosphere interactions, dust impact flashes and the possibility of obtaining compositional measurements of impact plasma plumes. Such data has been shown to be of direct relevance to space missions like Galileo, Ulysses, Cassini, Rosetta, Stardust, New Horizon or BepiColombo. Future projects to the Moon, to the inner Solar System (Solar Probe Plus), to the Jovian system and to Saturn will carry dust instrumentation which has to be developed with the help of micrometeoroid impact simulations in the laboratory. The recent Stardust mission collected and returned samples of interplanetary and interstellar dust grains to Earth. Sample preparation and analysis requires the study and understanding of grain-collector material interaction during hypervelocity impacts. Test and calibration of dust collectors and of in-situ dust detectors onboard interplanetary probes or Earth satellites is a major application of the facility. The laboratory generation and analysis of in-situ mass spectra of high-speed organic micro-grain impacts is essential for astrobiology studies and provide the basis for an understanding of the composition of interplanetary or interstellar micrometeoroids.http://www.irs.uni-stuttgart.de/cosmicdust/laboratory/ and http://www.hlrs.de/.

Sweden / Stockholm University

Tarfala Research Station is owned and run by the Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology, Stockholm University, Sweden. Tarfala Research Station is located at 1130 m a.s.l. in the high alpine Kebnekaise Mountains, northern Sweden. The catchment reaches from 700 to 2100 m a.s.l. and includes several small glaciers of which Storglaciären is extensively studied. The nearest settlement is the Sami village Nikkaluokta, 25km southeast of the station. There is a mountain tourist station at 7km, and a tourist hut 1km from Tarfala.Tarfala Research Station is situated in a rapidly changing environment, which offers good opportunities for a variety of bio-geochemical studies. The Storglaciären is one of the best studied glaciers in the World. The long mass-balance record shows how the glacier has responded to seasonal climate variability during the last 67 years. The retreat of the glacier since the early 1900s is also well documented. Permafrost in the catchment is patchy, the vegetation ranges from high-alpine flora to mountain birch forest at the tree-line. The area provides the headwaters for the unregulated Kalix River. Wildlife in the area includes reindeer, wolverine, fox, hare, stout, lemmings, and ptarmigan.HISTORY AND FACILITIESThe measurements of mass balance on Storglaciären started in the spring of 1946. At that time scientists used a simple tourist hut as base-camp. In the 1950s, a couple of buildings were built on the present location of the station. The facility welcomed the first students and international scientists in the early 1960s. Today, Tarfala Research Station is a modern facility offering research and education opportunities in a unique subarctic high-alpine setting. Tarfala has c. 25 beds for guests. Rooms with two to four beds are located in houses with running water and dry toilets. Included in the per diem price is breakfast, packed lunch, and dinner. There are no shops in the vicinity. Tarfala Research Station has a modern lecture hall and a well equipped workshop. Internet access via GSM antenna is provided.Research at Tarfala Research Station focuses on the coupling between climate and glaciers, glacier dynamics, glacial hydrology, high alpine geomorphology, mountain meteorology, and permafrost. New efforts include studies of vegetation development and biogeochemistry in ice, snow, water, and soil. Tarfala Research Station has its own program for monitoring climate effects on the sub-arctic nature including glacier mass balance, mountain meteorology, glacial hydrology, snow-chemistry, and permafrost. The data gives scientists unique and detailed information on the short- and long- term effects of climate change and is freely accessible.

Italy / Italian National Institute for Nuclear Physics

The Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro (LNL), founded in 1961, are one of the four national laboratories of Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN).Accelerator facilities in operation at LNL provide light and heavy-ion beams up to 30 MeV/u. In particular: - Tandem/ALPI: a 15 MV XTU-Tandem (A<90), coupled to the ALPI superconducting booster, delivering heavy-ion beams with energies up to 10 MeV/u. - PIAVE-ALPI superconducting linac: an ECR ion source injects superconducting RFQs and QWRs, delivering ion beams up to approximately 15 MeV/u. - Van de Graaff accelerators AN2000 (2.5 MV) and CN (7.0 MV ) providing light-ion beams for applied, interdisciplinary and biomedical physics. The research fields range from fundamental nuclear physics to accelerator technologies as well as several interdisciplinary activities, in collaboration with researchers from various national and international scientific bodies. Activities in the field of astroparticle physics (gravitational waves) are also in progress.Scientific proposals requiring access to the laboratory facilities undergo a peer review selection based on the scientific merit. The proposal evaluation is carried out by a Program Advisory Committee.

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Publication (20)

Achintya Kundu, Bartosz Błasiak, Joon-Hyung Lim, Kyungwon Kwak, and Minhaeng Cho, J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 2016, 7 (5), pp 741–745, doi: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.6b00022

The water hydrogen-bonding network at a lipid bilayer surface is crucial to understanding membrane structures and its functional activities. With a phospholipid multibilayer mimicking a biological membrane, we study the temperature dependence of water hydrogen-bonding structure, distribution, and dynamics at a lipid multibilayer surface using femtosecond mid-IR pump–probe spectroscopy. We observe two distinguished vibrational lifetime components. The fast component (0.6 ps) is associated with water interacting with a phosphate part, whereas the slow component (1.9 ps) is with bulk-like choline-associated water. With increasing temperature, the vibrational lifetime of phosphate-associated water remains constant though its relative fraction dramatically increases. The OD stretch vibrational lifetime of choline-bound water slows down in a sigmoidal fashion with respect to temperature, indicating a noticeable change of the water environment upon the phase transition. The water structure and dynamics are thus shown to be in quantitative correlation with the structural change of liquid multibilayer upon the gel-to-liquid crystal phase transition.

H.U.Lee, S.C.Lee, J.H.Won, B.-C.Son, S.Choi. Y.Kim, S.Y.Park, H.-S.Kim, Y.-C.Lee, J.Lee. Sci. Rep. 2015. 5. 8691. doi:10.1038/srep08691

Over the past few decades, two-dimensional (2D) and layered materials have emerged as new fields. Due to the zero-band-gap nature of graphene and the low photocatalytic performance of MoS2, more advanced semiconducting 2D materials have been prompted. As a result, semiconductor black phosphorus (BP) is a derived cutting-edge post-graphene contender for nanoelectrical application, because of its direct-band-gap nature. For the first time, we report on robust BP@TiO2 hybrid photocatalysts offering enhanced photocatalytic performance under light irradiation in environmental and biomedical fields, with negligible affected on temperature and pH conditions, as compared with MoS2@TiO2 prepared by the identical synthesis method. Remarkably, in contrast to pure few layered BP, which, due to its intrinsic sensitivity to oxygen and humidity was readily dissolved after just several uses, the BP@TiO2 hybrid photocatalysts showed a ~92% photocatalytic activity after 15 runs. Thus, metal-oxide-stabilized BP photocatalysts can be practically applied as a promising alternative to graphene and MoS2.

Kweon J. J., Lee K. W., Kim H., Lee C. E., Jung S., Kwon C., Appl. Phys. Lett. 2014 July 11. pii: 105(14)013701. doi: 10.1063/1.4890098

Protonic currents play a vital role in electrical signalling in living systems. It has been suggested that succinoglycan plays a specific role in alfalfa root nodule development, presumably acting as the signaling molecules. In this regard, charge transport and proton dynamics in the biopolymer exopolysaccharide succinoglycan have been studied by means of electrical measurements and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. In particular, a dielectric dispersion in the system has revealed that the electrical conduction is protonic rather electronic. Besides, our laboratory- and rotating-frame 1H NMR measurements have elucidated the nature of the protonic conduction, activation of the protonic motion being associated with a glass transition.

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