- Hosting Legal Entity
- University of Tartu
- Coordinating Country
- Type Of RI
- Life Cycle Status
- Construction since 2011Operational since 2015
- Vanemuise 46, Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, Tartu, PO: 51014 (Estonia), Estonia(58.3736038208008, 26.7165718078613)
- RI Keywords
- Environmental monitoring,Research stations,Atmosphere-biosphere relations,Marine Research,Freshwater science,Biodiversity information,Geomatics,Data networks
- RI Category
- Atmospheric Measurement Facilities;Earth Observation satellites;Earth, Ocean, Marine, Freshwater, and Atmosphere Data Centres;Environmental Management Infrastructures;In situ Earth Observatories;In situ Marine/Freshwater Observatories
- Scientific Domain
- Earth and Environmental Sciences
Mission and Objective
The Environmental Observatory is an intergrated network of research and monitoring stations for atmosphere, biosphere, marine and freshwater measurements, covering all main ecosystems in the country. It aims to develop a intergrated system for exchanging data and measurements between various stations and biotopes, thus enchancing interdistliplinary research and a knowledge-based approach to environment-related policy-making. The infrastructure includes a Station for Measuring Air and Ecosystem Relations (SMEAR), a Free Air Humidity Manipulating (FAHM) station, an automated marine current measurement boi in the Finnish Gulf, coastal and freshwater measuring stations and experimental biodiversity research stations.The geoinformatics laboratory - an integral part of the infrastructure - standardizes and visualizes geographical data from all the Environmental Observatory stations.
Field laboratorys for various biological experiments and measuring.
Taxonomic collections preservation, processing and analysing service.
Devices for measuring sea and lakes bioproduction characteristics, currents, temperature and visibility changes.
CO2, ch4, h2o gas measurements in SMEAR station.
Using radar and LIDAR, scanning of landscape and coastal areas.
Measuring of temperature, salinity and density and circulation of heat and organic matter.
Basic and complex temperature, wind, humidity, air pressure, water vapour and several gradients.
Measuring Biosphere-Atmosphere Exchanges of Biologically Related Gases with Micrometeorological Methods.
Measuring of gas exchange and CO2 assimilation in stems (FAHM station).
a spectrometer for the measurement of cluster ion and nanometer aerosol size distributions.
Geiger-Muller counters are used to screen various environmental samples, to measure body fluid activity and to conduct radiation surveys.
An instrument for the real time measurement of optical absortion by aerosol particles.
A data logger (also datalogger or data recorder) is an electronic device that records data over time or in relation to location either with a built in instrument or sensor or via external instruments and sensors.
LED lightening for FAHM experiments support.
Groundwater and Surface Water Monitoring Instrumentation.
Ultrasonic anemometer - device for measuring the short-term (about 0.1 - 100 seconds) fluctuations of wind and air temperature. Such measurements are needed to quantify the heat and momentum fluxes in the atmosphere.
Eddy covariance technique stations to measure and calculate vertical turbulent fluxes within atmospheric boundary layers.
Installed to different treatments of field experiment, are programmed to close periodically and monitore daily courses of gas exchange in tree shoots. The multiplexer system connects air flow from different chambers in certain order to gas analyser (to measure CO2, water vapor and NOx concentrations and calculate uptake or emission of gases from shoots).
Ex: sap flow sensors are used to estimate water flux in tree stems and branches, to calculate whole tree water use and/or transpiration rate.
A geographic information system is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present all types of geographical data.
TLS technology is based on Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) and is also referred to as ground-based LiDAR or tripod LiDAR. It is an active imaging system whereby laser pulses are emitted by the scanner and observables include the range and intensity of pulse returns reflected by the surface or object being scanned. Some instruments are capable of measuring multiple returns or even the full waveform of the reflected pulse.
Digital tachometer utilising laser or contact for measuring rotational and linear speed. Levelling is the measurement of geodetic height.
A gravimeter is an instrument used in gravimetry for measuring the local gravitational field of the Earth.